Agreement Of Suzerainty Upsc

The Nawab of Junagadh, a princely state at the southwestern tip of Gujarat and without a common border with Pakistan, decided to reach Pakistan and ignore Mountbaten`s views, arguing that it could be reached by sea from Pakistan. The leaders of two states submitted to the High Hoheis of Junagadh – Mangrol and Babariawad – responded by declaring their independence from Junagadh and returning to India. In response, junagadh`s Nawab occupied the states militarily. Leaders of neighbouring states reacted angrily, sent their troops to the border with Junagadh and asked the Indian government for help. A group of Junagadhi, led by Samaldas Gandhi, formed a government in exile, the Hukumat of Aarzi (“temporary government”). [63] In 1947, the British finalized their plans to leave India, and the question of the future of the persperated states was a mystery to them. As they were not British, the British could not divide them between the new sovereign nations of India and Pakistan. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 stipulated that the permeability of the British crown over the princely states would end with effect on August 15, 1947. This would make the princely states completely independent, although many of them were dependent on the Indian government for defence, finance and other infrastructure. With independence, it was then up to each state leader to decide whether to join India, join Pakistan or remain independent. At the time of India`s independence in 1947, India was divided into two territories, one under direct British rule and the other under the sovereignty of the British crown, with control of their internal affairs remaining in the hands of their hereditary rulers.

Among them were 562 princely states that had different types of income-sharing agreements with the British, often based on their size, population and local conditions. In addition, there were several colonial enclaves controlled by France and Portugal. The political integration of these territories in India has been a stated objective of the Indian National Congress, and the Indian government has pursued it over the next decade.